Agro Climatic Status of the Division
Jammu Division is located between an altitude of 300 metres-4200 metres above MSL (Mean Sea Level). The Division has three agro-climatic zones. The zones, areas falling under these zones and suitable fruit crops is illustrated below:-
It constitutes the areas falling between 300m-1000m above MSL and covers Jammu and Samba districts as whole, parts of District Kathua, Udhampur, Reasi and Rajouri. Normal summer monsoon ranges 1200-1500mm from mid June to mid September. This zone is further divided into two sub-zones.
It includes irrigated areas of Kathua, Barnoti, Hiranagar, Ghagwal, Samba, Vijaypur, Purmandal, Satwari, Bishnah, R.S. Pura, Marh, Bhalwal, Akhnoor, Khour, Nowshera, Sunderbani, Majalta Blocks/ Zones.
It includes Kandi and un-irrigated areas of Kathua, Barnoti, Hiranagar, Ghagwal, Samba, Purmandal, Bhalwal, Akhnoor, Khour Blocks, parts of Kalakote, Nowshera, Sunderbani, Ramsoo Block, parts of Udhampur, Reasi, Pouni, Ramnagar, Ghordi, Majalta and Tikri Blocks/ Zones.
This is located between an altitude of 1000 metres- 1500 above MSL. It comprises parts of Basoli, Billawar, Lohi Malhar, Surankote, Balakote, Mendhar, Rajouri, Dhoongi, Darhal, Budhal, Triyath, Ramnagar, Udhampur, Ghordi, Reasi, Pouni, Arnas, Mahore, Doda, Thathri, Assar, Bhagwa, Ramban, Ramsoo Blocks/ Zones.
This zone includes areas above 1500 met. above MSL and comprises parts ofBani, Basoli, Billawar, Lohai Malhar, Poonch, Mendhar, Manjakot, Rajouri, Budhal, Darhal, Thanamandi, Dungi, Arnas, Mahore, Latti, Dudu Basantgarh, Chenani, Mongri, Panchari, Ramnagar, Gool, Banihal, Ramban, Assar, Doda, Bhagwa, Dessa, Thathri, Bhalessa, Bhaderwah, Inderwal, Chattroo, Kishtwar, Marwah, Paddar Blocks/ Zones
Division has a varied climate. In sub-tropical zones, summers are hot with heavy monsoons during rainy season but winters are relatively dry and cool. Normal summer monsoons range between 1200-1500mm from mid June- mid September. In intermediate zones summers are mild, monsoons are fair during summer and winters are relatively wet. Temperate zones have relatively mild but dry summer with little monsoon and fairly cold-wet winter.
Suitable fruit crops for different agro-climatic zones is illustrated below:-
SUITABLE FRUIT CROPS
|Sub-Tropical Irrigated||Mango, Litchi, Citrus, Guava, Ber, Loquat, Grapes, Strawberry|
|Sub-Tropical, Un-irrigated||Mango, Citrus, Guava, Ber, Aonla|
|Intermediate||Stone fruits (Peach, Plum, Apricot), Pear, Pecan nut, Olive, Kiwi)|
|Temperate||Apple, Pear, Stone fruits (Peach, Plum, Apricot), Walnut, Pecan nut, Almond|